A List of Reference Materials Pertaining to Lunar Polar Volatiles

External Groups: Presentations, Findings, and White Papers

Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (LEAG) Annual Meeting Presentations and Findings

Friends of Lunar Volatiles (FoLV) White Paper, ‘Lunar Polar Volatiles: Assessment of Existing Observations for Exploration

NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) Polar Regolith Workshop Without Walls

NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) 2013 Exploration Science Forum

NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) 2014 Exploration Science Forum

NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) 2015 Exploration Science Forum

Lunar Polar Environment

Bussey et al. (1999) Illumination conditions at the lunar south pole. Geophys Res Lett 26:1187-1190.

Heiken et al. (1991) Lunar Sourcebook: A user’s guide to the Moon. Cambridge University Press.

Mazarico et al. (2011) Illumination conditions of the lunar polar regions using LOLA topography. Icarus 211:1066-1081.

Paige et al. (2010) Diviner lunar radiometer observations of cold traps in the moon’s south polar region. Science 330:479-482.

Siegler et al. (2011) Effects of orbital evolution on lunar ice stability. J Geophys Res 116:E03010, doi:10.1029/2010JE003652.

Siegler et al. (2016) Lunar true polar wander inferred from polar hydrogen. Nature 531: 480-501.

Speyerer et al. (2013) Persistently illuminated regions at the lunar poles: Ideal sites for future exploration. Icarus 222:122-136.

Takahashi et al. (2014) Reorientation of the early lunar pole. Nat Geo 7:409-412.

Zimmerman et al. (2011) Solar wind access to lunar polar craters: Feedback between surface charging and plasma expansion. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L19202, doi:10.1029/2011GL048880.

Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) Experiment

Colaprete et al. (2010) Detection of water in the LCROSS ejecta plume. Science 330:463-467.

Schultz et al. (2010) The LCROSS cratering experiment. Science 330:468-472.

Lunar Water Ice – Historical Perspective

Arnold (1979) Ice in the lunar polar regions. J Geophys Res 84:5659-5668.

Watson et al. (1961) On the possible presence of ice on the moon. J Geophys Res 66:1598-1600.

Watson et al. (1961) The behavior of volatiles on the lunar surface. J Geophys Res 66:3033-3045.

Neutron Spectroscopy Measurements

Feldman et al. (2001) Evidence for water ice near the lunar poles. J Geophys Res 106:23231-23525.

Lawrence et al. (2006) Improved modeling of Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer data: Implications for hydrogen deposits at the lunar poles. J Geophys Res 111:E08001, doi:10.1029/2005JE002637.

Lawrence et al. (2015) High-resolution mapping of lunar polar hydrogen with a low-resource orbital mission. Acta Astronautica 115:452-462.

Litvak et al. (2011) Global maps of lunar neutron fluxes from the LEND instrument. J Geophys Res 117:E00H22, doi:10.1029/2011JE003949.

McClanahan et al. (2015) Evidence for the sequestration of hydrogen-bearing volatiles towards the Moon’s southern pole-facing slopes. Icarus 255:88-99.

Mitrofanov et al. (2010) Hydrogen mapping of the lunar south pole using LRO neutron detector experiment LEND. Science 330:483-486.

Lunar Radar Measurements

Campbell et al. (2006) No evidence for thick deposits of ice at the lunar south pole. Nature 443:835-837.

Nozette et al. (2001) Integration of lunar polar remote-sensing data sets: Evidence for ice at the lunar south pole. J Geophys Res 106:23253-23266.

Patterson et al. (2016) Bistatic radar observations of the Moon using Mini-RF on LRO and the Arecibo Observatory. Icarus doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2016.05.017.

Spudis et al. (2013) Evidence for water ice on the moon: Results for anomalous polar craters from the LRO Mini-RF imaging radar. J Geophys Res 118:1-14.

Thomson et al. (2012) An upper limit for ice in Shackleton crater as revealed by LRO Mini-RF orbital radar. Geophys Res Lett 39:L14201, doi:10.1029/2012GL052119.

Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) Measurements

Gladstone et al. (2012) Far-ultraviolet reflectance properties of the Moon’s permanently shadowed regions. J Geophys Res 117:E00H04, doi:10.1029/2011JE003913.

Hayne et al. (2015) Evidence for exposed water ice in the Moon’s south polar regions from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter ultraviolet albedo and temperature measurements. Icarus 255:58-69.

Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) Albedo Measurements

Lucey et al. (2014) The global albedo of the Moon at 1064 nm from LOLA. J Geophys Res 119:1665-1679.

Surficial Water at the Moon (as a possible source of lunar polar volatile deposits)

Clark RN (2009) Detection of absorbed water and hydroxl on the moon. Science 326:562-564.

Pieters et al. (2009) Character and spatial distribution of OH/H2O on the surface of the moon seen by M3 on Chandrayaan-1. Science 326:568-572.

Sridharan et al. (2010) ‘Direct’ evidence for water (H2O) in the sunlit lunar ambience from CHACE on MIP of Chandrayaan 1. Planet Space Sci 58:947-950.

Sunshine et al. (2009) Temporal and spatial variability of lunar hydration as observed by the Deep Impact Spacecraft. Science 326:565-568.

Lunar Polar Landing Site Analyses

De Rosa et al. (2012) Characterisation of potential landing sites for the European Space Agency’s lunar lander project. Planet Space Sci 74:224-246.

Heldmann et al. (2016) Site selection and traverse planning to support a lunar polar rover mission: A case study at Haworth crater. Acta Astronautica 127:308-320.

Hiesinger et al. (2014) Geology of the Lunar Glob landing sites in Boguslawsky crater, moon. Lunar Planet Sci Conf, abstract 2370.

Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (2014) Volatiles specific action team final report.

Lemelin et al. (2014) High-priority lunar landing sites for in situ and sample return studies of polar volatiles Planet Space Sci 101:149-161.

Nishiyama et al. (2015) Selection of landing sites for future lunar missions with multi-objective optimization. Lunar Planet Sci Conf, abstract 1368.

Speyerer et al. (2016) Optimized traverse planning for future polar prospectors based on lunar topography. Icarus 273:337-345.

NASA Resource Prospector

NOTE: A number of presentations on the Resource Prospector mission can be found at the Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (LEAG) and NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) external groups links.

Andrews et al. (2014) Introducing the Resource Prospector (RP) mission. AIAA SPACE 2014-4378, San Diego, CA.

Heldmann et al. (2012) Feasibility and definition of a lunar polar volatiles prospecting mission. Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC.

Heldmann et al. (2015) Real-time science operations to support a luunar polar rover mission. Adv Space Res 55:2427-2437.

Lunar Polar Volatiles Computer Models

Berezhnoy et al. (2012) Origin and stability of lunar polar volatiles. Adv Space Res 50:1638-1646.

Elphic et al. (2007) Models of the distribution and abundance of hydrogen at the lunar south pole. Geophys Res Lett 34:L13204, doi:10.1029/2007GL029954.

Farrell et al. (2015) Spillage of lunar crater volatiles onto adjacent terrains: The case for dynamic processes. Geophys Res Lett 42:3160-3165.

Moores (2016) Lunar water migration in the interval between large impacts: Heterogeneous delivery to permanently shadowed regions, fractionation, and diffusive barriers. J Geophys Res Planets 121:46-60.

Schorghofer et al. (2007) Subsurface migration of H2O at lunar cold traps. J Geophys Res Planets 112, E02010, doi:10.1029/2006JE002779.

Teodoro et al. (2010) Spatial distribution of lunar polar hydrogen deposits after KAGUYA (SELENE). Geophys Res Lett 37:L12201, doi:10.1029/2010GL042889.

Zimmerman et al. (2013) Recursive plasma wake formation on the Moon and its effect on polar volatiles. Icarus 226:992-998.

Lunar Polar Volatiles Instrument and Laboratory Studies

Carpenter et al. (2014) Accessing and assessing lunar resources with PROSPECT. LEAG Annual Meeting presentation.

Elphic et al. (2008) Surface and downhole prospecting tools for planetary exploration: Tests of neutron and gamma ray probes. Astrobiology 8:639-652.

Elphic et al. (2015) Simulated real-time lunar volatiles prospecting with a rover-borne neutron spectrometer. Adv Space Res 55:2438-2450.

Gertsch et al. (2008) Review of lunar regolith properties for design of low power lunar excavators. Sixth International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering.

Hayne et al. (2014) New approaches to lunar ice detection and mapping. Keck Institute for Space Studies.

Lanzerotti et al. (1981) Ice in the polar regions of the Moon. J Geophys Res 86:3949-3950.

Lasue et al. (2012) Remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for lunar exploration. J Geophys Res 117:E01002, doi:10.1029/2011JE003898, 2012.

Pitcher et al. (2016) Investigation of the properties of icy lunar polar regolith simluants. Adv Space Res 57:1197-1208

Reiss et al. (2016) Implications of sample size for the thermal extraction of volatiles from lunar regolith with the PROSPECT instrument package. J  Aerosp  Eng


Space Architecture Concepts Involving Lunar Polar Volatiles

Blair et al. (2002) Space resource economic analysis toolkit: The case for commercial lunar ice mining. Final Report submitted to NASA Exploration Team (NExT).

Burke (1985) Merits of a lunar polar base location. Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st century. Lunar and Planetary Institute. pp 77-84.…77B/0000077.000.html

Carpenter et al. (2016) Establishing lunar resource viability. Space Policy 37:52-57.

Ishimatsu et al. (2013) A generalized multi-commodity network flow model for space exploration logistics. AIAA SPACE 2013 Conference and Exposition, AIAA-2013-5414.

Lavoie et al. (2016) The purpose of human spaceflight and a lunar architecture to explore the potential of resource utilization. AIAA SPACE 2016 Conference and Exposition, AIAA-2016-5526.

Metzger (2016) Space development and space science together, an historic opportunity. Space Policy 37:77-91.

Miller et al (2015) Economic assessment and systems analysis of an evolvable lunar architecture that leverages commercial space capabilities and public-private partnerships. NexGen Space LLC study.

Sowers (2016) A cislunar transportation system fueled by lunar resources. Space Policy 37:103-109.

Spudis et al. (2011) Using the resources of the Moon to create a permanent, cislunar space faring system. AIAA SPACE 2011 Conference & Exposition, AIAA-2011-7185.